Salmonids include various species of fish from the salmon family, with meat of red, orange or pale pink colour. Most salmon are valuable commercial fish. The active fishery of salmon is conducted not only for valuable red meat, but also for the red caviar. Salmon can be found in both the Atlantic and Pacific oceans, as well as in fresh waters of the Northern hemisphere, mid and high latitudes. The largest natural spawning grounds of the salmon are located in Kamchatka, Sakhalin and Kuril Islands.
Atlantic Salmon, trout and Pacific salmons (pink salmon, chum salmon, sockeye salmon, Chinook salmon, coho salmon) are widely distributed on the Russian market
The most popular species, the best fish delicacies, are Atlantic salmon and trout.
Atlantic salmon - is a very tasty and healthy fish. Salmon meat is easily digested and is an excellent source of protein, containing large amounts of phosphorus, iodine, calcium, potassium, sodium, magnesium, zinc, and fluorine. Salmon provides at least 2 times more calories than white fish. The main value of salmon is its content of polyunsaturated fatty acids omega-3 and omega-6, which help to prevent cardiovascular diseases, reduce the risk of blood clots in the blood vessels and improve blood flow in the capillaries.
Eating salmon meat:
Salmon also helps to restore mental performance by increasing the elasticity of blood vessels of the brain, increasing the consumption of oxygen by cells of the brain and by improving blood circulation.
In addition, the salmon selenium is a powerful antioxidant and protects against free radicals, slowing the aging process. Due to the high content of vitamins and minerals such as B1, B2, B6, B12, PP, A, E, D, selenium, magnesium, phosphorus, and folic acid, salmon stimulates hematopoiesis and activates the metabolism.
Trout’s meat usually has deeper red color than salmon’s meat, but it also varies depending on habitat conditions and feed: it can be white, yellowish or pink. River trout most often has white meat color. Trout's meat is rich in vitamins (A, D, B12) and essential amino acids.
Atlantic salmon, Pacific salmons (first of all coho salmon), and different types of trout are the subject of aquaculture.
The last decades salmon and trout have been successfully grown on special aquaculture farms in Norway, Chile, Faroe Islands, Scotland, Denmark, Turkey and other countries. Aquaculture is also developing in the North-West region of Russia – in Murmansk region and Karelia.
For over a decade, the DEFA company has been a supplier of chilled and frozen salmon and trout, as well as Chilean coho salmon to the Russian market, successfully working with the world's largest manufacturers in Norway, Chile and the Faroe Islands, and is claimed to be one of the three largest importers of salmon in the Russian Federation.