White fish is a term referring to the flesh of many types of fish which generally have dry, lean white flesh. The term includes many different species and families from cod, whiting and haddock, to hake, pollock, catfish and perch. White fish is caught in the waters of the Pacific and Atlantic Oceans, in rivers and in freshwater lakes, in particular in Canada and the United States. White fish can be divided into 2 groups: round fish which live near the sea bed, such as cod and coley, and the flatter fish which live on the sea bed, like plaice). In addition, some types of white fish are subject to aquaculture in farms at sea and in freshwater, due to the constantly growing demand for them. White fish is low in calories, but at the same time rich in healthy mineral nutrients. The flesh is white, and can be tender or more tough, and various cooking methods will highlight the different and excellent characteristics in taste and texture.
In Russia, the white fish is normally subdivided into the dining and exotic segments.
White fish contain large amounts of protein well-balanced by the amino acid composition. Due to this fact, many species of white fish can replace animal meat in its usefulness and richness in protein necessary for the human body. Also, the flesh contains vitamins A, C, E, D, K, almost a full range of B-group vitamins (B1, B2, B3, B4, B6, B9, B12), and plenty of micro- and macroelements: potassium, calcium, magnesium, phosphorus, sodium, copper, manganese, selenium, zinc and iodine. Due to its low number of calories, white fish is easy to digest and therefore it is recommended for people with diseases of the gastrointestinal tract.
There is a huge variety of white fish and each kind has its own unique features, nutrients and elements, and texture, taste and smell. White fish can be prepared in almost any way - boiled, fried, baked, steamed or grilled, in addition to being dried and salted, allowing even the most demanding customer to find exactly what he needs.
DEFA company has been the supplier of the most popular types of white dining and exotic fish from around the world for more than ten years, and is one of the top importers in the Russian Federation.